Mohapeloa wrote Mabeoana in the early 1930s, publishing it in Morija in 1935 as song No. 20 of 32 in his first song collection, Meloli le Lithallere tsa Afrika I. It was composed in the 1930s in the style of a modern African anthem. The text refers to two great Basotho clans, the Mabeoana and the Mokoena and their Chief, Kali. It compares today’s youth (unfavourably) with heroes of the past, and is a lament for lost glory. The Caledon River is the western border between Lesotho and South Africa, flowing through an area where the Basotho suffered great losses of land during the colonial struggles of the 19th century. The deeper meaning of the text towards the end is not clear.