Volume 4

Khalima-Nosi tsa ’Mino Oa Kajeno: Harnessing Salient Features of Modern African Music and Meluluetsa ea Ntšetso-pele le Bosechaba Lesotho (Anthems for the Development of the Lesotho Nation)

Volume IV of the Mohapeloa Critical Edition comprises two songbooks, Khalima-Nosi tsa ’Mino Oa Kajeno: Harnessing Salient Features of Modern African Music (1951; Khalima is pronounced ‘Khadima’) and Meluluetsa ea Ntšetso-pele le Bosechaba Lesotho (Anthems for the Development of the Lesotho Nation) (1976; Meluluetsa is pronounced ‘Meduduetsa’). Khalima-Nosi had five songs and Meluluetsa 25, but three songs from Meluluetsa had already appeared in Meloli II – ‘Mafeteng’, ‘Maseru’, and ‘TY’ – and were reprinted in Meluluetsa without change. The shaded areas in the columns below give the page numbers in Vol. II; these three songs are not reproduced in Vol. IV. Four other songs from Meluluetsa – ‘Leribe’, ‘Butha-Buthe’, ‘Maloti a Lesotho’ and ‘Quthing’ – had also appeared in a previous songbook, called Binang ka Thabo (Songs of Joy, 1963) published by Mazenod Institute (Lesotho). Mohapeloa retained copyright over these songs and included them in Meluluetsa, and since they have not yet appeared in this Critical Edition they are included in Vol. IV. Many songs in Meluluetsa were composed before those in Khalima-Nosi. From a list of works in Mohapeloa’s handwriting in the Huskisson Collection in the SAMRO Archive, Johannesburg, dating from the mid 1960s, it is clear that the composer originally imagined the collection that eventually became Meluluetsa was going to be published by MSBD as Meloli le Lithallere tsa Afrika IV. The development work that characterised Lesotho after it became independent in 1966 brought Diparata Gosh (among others) to the country, and it was under Gosh’s influence that Mohapeloa was persuaded to publish Meloli IV through O.U.P. as Meluluetsa ea Ntšetso-pele le Bosechaba Lesotho. In the process he removed a few songs destined for Meloli IV and added others. The O.U.P. book may have been regarded as a more prestigious publication, and was in a larger format than the humble mission-press’s Meloli books, but it never went beyond a first edition and is now out of print, while the other three Meloli books were reprinted several times. If O.U.P. had translated the texts into English and transcribed the tonic solfa notation into staff notation, it might have had the wider international circulation that was probably imagined for it. Khalima-nosi and Meluluetsa had different aims, as Mohapeloa’s own prefaces reveal: the songs in Khalima-Nosi are expressions of an African cosmopolitan modernity of the early 1950s and are ‘town’ oriented, while those in Meluluetsa are ‘nation’ oriented, patriotic in tone and often celebrating new national institutions that emerged just before or after Lesotho’s independence in 1966. The genesis of Meluluetsa was longer than Khalima-Nosi, some songs being conceived in the 1940s while others were completed just before the book was published in 1976. Khalima-nosi was conceived in a more integrated way and makes a coherent ‘set’. Khalima-Nosi tsa ’Mino Oa Kajeno literally means, ‘Shining stars of today’s music’, but since Mohapeloa himself seems to subtitle it on the front cover, in English, Harnessing Salient Features of Modern African Music, this is taken as both translation and subtitle. The 1st edition of 1951 was followed by a 2nd only in 2001, 30 years after the composer’s death. There is no difference at all between the two, except that a photograph of the choir committee of the Johannesburg Traditional Choristers, Mohapeloa’s Basotho choir on the Reef in the 1940s, appeared in the frontispiece of the 1st edition and not the 2nd. The 27 songs in Volume IV (5 Khalima-nosi, 22 Meluluetsa) were originally written in tonic solfa notation and without texts translated (because they were written for Sesotho speakers). They are newly transcribed into staff notation here and are presented together with translations, notes, and commentaries. The works are numbered JPM093 to JPM119 for the composer’s catalogue and ACE185, 087, 089, etc. to ACE237 (odd numbers) for the publisher’s catalogue for Vol. IV. Vol. IVa presents the same songs and critical apparatus as Vol. IV but tonic solfa notation is added to the staves and even nos. are used for the publisher’s catalogue with new ISMNs assigned to the works in Vol IVa as they are effectively different works.

Works in this volume

    Molelekeng (Molelekeng)

    SAT(T)B – JPM 093 – ACE 185

    Vocal score - staff notation - ISMN 979-0-804002-84-3

    $0.99

    Vocal score - dual notation - ISMN 979-0-804002-85-0

    $0.99

    Senqu – The Orange River (Senqu – The Orange River)

    SATB – JPM 094 – ACE 187

    Vocal score - staff notation - ISMN 979-0-804002-86-7

    $0.99

    Vocal score - dual notation - ISMN 979-0-804002-87-4

    $0.99

    Liphala (Horns)

    SATB – JPM 095 – ACE 189

    Vocal score - staff notation - ISMN 979-0-804002-88-1

    $0.99

    Vocal score - dual notation - ISMN 979-0-804002-89-8

    $0.99

    E-eang ka Khotso (Go in Peace)

    SATB – JPM 096 – ACE 191

    Vocal score - staff notation - ISMN 979-0-804002-90-4

    $0.99

    Vocal score - dual notation - ISMN 979-0-804002-91-1

    $0.99

    Tšaba-tšaba (Watch Out!)

    SATB – JPM 097 – ACE 193

    No items found

    Lesotho ’M’a Basotho (Lesotho, Mother of the Basotho)

    SATB – JPM 098 – ACE 195

    Vocal score - staff notation - ISMN 979-0-804002-94-2

    $0.99

    Vocal score - dual notation - ISMN 979-0-804002-95-9

    $0.99

    Likano tsa Bacha (The Covenant of Youth)

    S(S)ATB – JPM 099 – ACE 197

    Vocal score - staff notation - ISMN 979-0-804002-96-6

    $0.99

    Vocal score - dual notation - ISMN 979-0-804002-97-3

    $0.99

    Terompeta ea Rōna (Our Trumpet)

    SATB – JPM 100 – ACE 199

    Vocal score - staff notation - ISMN 979-0-804002-98-0

    $0.99

    Vocal score - dual notation - ISMN 979-0-804002-99-7

    $0.99

    Naha ea Linatla (Land of Warriors)

    SATB – JPM 101 – ACE 201

    Vocal score - staff notation - ISMN 979-0-804003-00-0

    $0.99

    Vocal score - dual notation - ISMN 979-0-804003-01-7

    $0.99

    Lesotho, Tsiketsi sa Tlotla ea Afrika (Lesotho Independence Song)

    SA(A)TB – JPM 102 – ACE 203

    Vocal score - staff notation - ISMN 979-0-804003-02-4

    $0.99

    Vocal score - dual notation - ISMN 979-0-804003-03-1

    $0.99

    Moshoeshoe, Tsoha (Moshoeshoe, Arise!)

    SATB – JPM 103 – ACE 205

    Vocal score - staff notation - ISMN 979-0-804003-04-8

    $0.99

    Vocal score - dual notation - ISMN 979-0-804003-05-5

    $0.99

    E, Molimo Ok’o Boloke Motlotlehi le Sechaba (God Save His Royal Highness)

    SATB – JPM 104 – ACE 207

    Vocal score - staff notation - ISMN 979-0-804003-06-2

    $0.99

    Vocal score - dual notation - ISMN 979-0-804003-07-9

    $0.99

    Kopano ke Matla (Unity is Strength)

    SATB – JPM 105 – ACE 209

    Vocal score - staff notation - ISMN 979-0-804003-08-6

    $0.99

    Vocal score - dual notation - ISMN 979-0-804003-09-3

    $0.99

    Temo ea Lifate (Planting Trees)

    SATB – JPM 106 – ACE 211

    Vocal score - staff notation - ISMN 979-0-804003-10-9

    $0.99

    Vocal score - dual notation - ISMN 979-0-804003-11-6

    $0.99

    Sefapano se Sefubelu (The Red Cross)

    SATB – JPM 107 – ACE 213

    Vocal score - staff notation - ISMN 979-0-804003-12-3

    $0.99

    Vocal score - dual notation - ISMN 979-0-804003-13-0

    $0.99

    Ntlholohetsane (Radio Lesotho)

    SATB – JPM 108 – ACE 215

    Vocal score - staff notation - ISMN 979-0-804003-14-7

    $0.99

    Vocal score - dual notation - ISMN 979-0-804003-15-5

    $0.99

    Mahlo a Lefatše (International Women’s Year)

    SATB – JPM 109 – ACE 217

    Vocal score - staff notation - ISMN 979-0-804003-16-1

    $0.99

    Vocal score - dual notation - ISMN 979-0-804003-17-8

    $0.99

    Liba-seholo (N.T.T.C.) (Mighty Fountain (National Teachers’ Training College))

    SA(A)TB – JPM 110 – ACE 219

    Vocal score - staff notation - ISMN 979-0-804003-18-5

    $0.99

    Vocal score - dual notation - ISMN 979-0-804003-19-2

    $0.99

    Kena ka Khotso (Enter in Peace)

    SATB – JPM 111 – ACE 221

    Vocal score - staff notation - ISMN 979-0-804003-20-8

    $0.99

    Vocal score - dual notation - ISMN 979-0-804003-21-5

    $0.99

    Maloti a Lesotho (Lesotho’s Maloti Mountains)

    SATB – JPM 112 – ACE 223

    Vocal score - staff notation - ISMN 979-0-804003-22-2

    $0.99

    Vocal score - dual notation - ISMN 979-0-804003-23-9

    $0.99

    Thaba-Bosiu (Thaba-Bosiu)

    SATB – JPM 113 – ACE 225

    Vocal score - staff notation - ISMN 979-0-804003-24-6

    $0.99

    Vocal score - dual notation - ISMN 979-0-804003-25-3

    $0.99

    Mokhotlong (Mokhotlong)

    SATB – JPM 114 – ACE 227

    Vocal score - staff notation - ISMN 979-0-804003-26-0

    $0.99

    Vocal score - dual notation - ISMN 979-0-804003-27-7

    $0.99

    Butha-Buthe (Butha-Buthe)

    SATB – JPM 115 – ACE 229

    Vocal score - staff notation - ISMN 979-0-804003-28-4

    $0.99

    Vocal score - dual notation - ISMN 979-0-804003-29-1

    $0.99

    Leribe (Leribe)

    SATB – JPM 116 – ACE 231

    Vocal score - staff notation - ISMN 979-0-804003-30-7

    $0.99

    Vocal score - dual notation - ISMN 979-0-804003-31-4

    $0.99

    Hukung (Hukung)

    SATB – JPM 117 – ACE 233

    Vocal score - staff notation - ISMN 979-0-804003-32-1

    $0.99

    Vocal score - dual notation - ISMN 979-0-804003-33-8

    $0.99

    Quthing (Quthing)

    SATB – JPM 118 – ACE 235

    Vocal score - staff notation - ISMN 979-0-804003-34-5

    $0.99

    Vocal score - dual notation - ISMN 979-0-804003-35-2

    $0.99

    Qachaseneke (Qacha’s Nek)

    SATB – JPM 119 – ACE 237

    Vocal score - staff notation - ISMN 979-0-804003-36-9

    $0.99

    Vocal score - dual notation - ISMN 979-0-804003-37-6

    $0.99